NWCO Objectives2

Wildlife Damage Management February 18, 2008 Print Friendly and PDF

Handbook Contents | Learning Objectives | Definitions of Humane and Integrated Wildlife Damage Management | Six Questions NWCOs Must Ask | Resources | ICWDM | Wildlife Species Information


Balancing the needs of people and wildlife - Learning objectives

  • Name the six major questions that NWCOs should think about as they decide how to handle a job.
  • Define "humane."
  • Describe one ecological concern related to a NWCO activity.
  • Name one thing you can do to promote good public relations.

Higher, deeper, further...optional activities to explore other perspectives about this topic.

  • How do you define the word "humane"? Try explaining this to a few friends.
  • Find out if there are any legislative bills that would affect the wildlife laws of your state. You can check the state government website, or ask a librarian for help. What's your position?
  • Start a file that lists opportunities to talk to the public about wildlife or animals and write down your ideas about how you might participate.

Review questions

1. Trap and transfer can be bad for local wildlife because

a. it may overload a habitat, forcing all of the members of that species to struggle more to find food and shelter
b. the public doesn't like this technique
c. it can spread a wildlife disease into an area that wasn't affected
d. answers "a" and "c" are both correct
e. answers "a" and "b" are both correct

2. A best practice takes the following factors into account (check all that apply):

___ practical limitations
___ landowner rights
___ public beliefs about how wildlife should be treated
___ human safety
___ protection of the environment
___ public health
___ legal restrictions
___ "management by objective" theory

3. To ensure a humane death for a wild animal, you should

a. kill it as quickly as possible, using a best practice for that species
b. use anesthesia
c. quickly make the animal unconscious, then kill it quickly
d. all three answers are correct
e. answers "a" and "c" are correct

4. Which questions help NWCOs choose the best ways to solve their customers' problems? (Check all that apply)

___ are these methods legal?
___ where's the coffee?
___ is this practical?
___ how will this affect the local wildlife population and the environment?
___ does this minimize the animal's suffering?
___ what's the public relations angle?
___ where's the aspirin?

5. For good public relations, you should

a. figure out which method the public likes best, and then convince your customer to accept that solution
b. spend a lot of money on advertising
c. explain what you're doing, and why
d. use best practices
e. answers "c" and "d" are both correct


  1. d
  2. all of the answers are correct except "management by objective theory"
  3. e
  4. all are correct, except for the requests for coffee and aspirin, which we leave to your discretion
  5. e (The best practices approach to solving wildlife problems takes the customer's needs, and many other factors, into account. It's a customer-tailored solution, not a "one-size-fits-all" approach.)


Handbook Contents


Needs of People and wildlife

Federal Laws and Regulations

Safety Risks for Customers

Best Practices for Wildlife Control

Professionalism Resources for NWCOs


This manual was written as a guide to train nuisance wildlife control operators in New York State. Laws and regulations may differ in your state. Always consult local and state laws before implementing wildlife damage management activities.

Contact Information

Contact your local Extension Office


Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management
National Wildlife Control Operator's Association
Wildlife Control


We thank the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation for contributing this information.

Produced by the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, Cornell Cooperative Extension, and the NYS Integrated Pest Management Program.


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