Contagious Agalactia is a highly contagious disease that affects dairy sheep and goats. Mainly caused by the Mycoplasma agalactiae bacteria in sheep and goats, this disease has also been linked to M capricolum capricolum, M mycoides LC, and M putrefaciens in goats. Contagious Agalactia is transmitted through ingestion of food, milk, water, colostrum or other body fluids contaminated with M. agalactiae. Contagious Agalactia has been known for the past 200 years and can cause severe economic loss from mastitis and decreased milk production.
Southern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, South America, and India.
Contagious Agalactia is not a public health threat.
Contagious Agalactia may be treated with antibiotics such as penicillin and most animals will recover. Any animal suspected of having Contagious Agalactia should be reported to the State Veterinarians or USDA Area Veterinarian in Charge immediately.
Vaccinations are available for Contagious Agalactia. Introduction and spread of the disease may be prevented by developing a vaccination protocol and sound biosecurity practices.