When I dug my potatoes, they were covered by small, raised bumps. Do you know what they are?

Gardens & Landscapes January 07, 2008|Print
These are root knot nematodes. They are a serious problem on potatoes. Root knot is a species of nematode that causes galls or swellings on plant roots. It restricts the uptake of nutrients from the root system to the foliage, resulting in a yellow and stunted plant. Root knot lives in the soil and can survive on a number of weed and vegetable crops. It is best controlled by planting a solid stand (close enough for root systems to overlap) of marigolds three months before the first killing frost of fall and/or planting cereal rye (Elbon) for a winter cover crop. Cereal rye should be shred and tilled into the soil 30 days before planting a spring crop. Also, rotate where nematodes have become a major problem.