As the breeding season approaches, producers should be concerned with the body condition of their breeding does. Goats should not be allowed to become too thin or too fat, and meat goats should be monitored for body condition, an important key to successful management. Failure in reproduction, low twinning rates, and low weaning rates will result if does are too thin. Overly fat does can suffer from pregnancy toxemia (ketosis) or dystocia.
Body condition scores are well illustrated in documents from Langston University (Oklahoma) and North Carolina State University. The scores are on a five-point scale and consider degree of fatness over the loin and in the brisket area. These well-illustrated guides will assist in the feeding program whereby those does in less than optimum condition are given the opportunity to have a diet of higher energy and adequate protein.
Body condition has a profound effect on conception and the number of kids born and raised.