Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a highly contagious infectious disease of goats caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides capri and Mycoplasma F38 bacteria. CCPP causes inflammation of the lungs and accumulation of fluid in the chest cavity. Damaged lung tissue can harden and adhere to the chest wall, which interferes with effective respiration and causes the goat to die from lack of oxygen. Mortality rates can reach 100 percent.
CCPP is spread through the inhalation of airborne droplets from coughing/sneezing animals. Direct goat-to-goat contact is necessary for the disease to spread.
CCPP is endemic to Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and eastern Europe. The United States and Canada are considered free of CCPP.
CCPP is not a public health threat.
If caught early, CCPP may be treated with antibiotics. Morbidity is considered to be 100% with mortality being between 60-100%. Any goat suspected of having Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia should be reported to the State Veterinarians or USDA Area Veterinarian in Charge immediately.
Vaccinations for CCPP are available. Quarantine of afflicted individuals is the best form of preventing herd infection. The introduction of CCPP into the United States can be prevented by following basic biosecurity procedures including quarantine of animals of unknown health status.