Invasive Species: Tribulus terrestris, Puncturevine
Puncturevine is an invasive annual low-spreading forb native to the Mediterranean. Leaves are opposite, hairy, 1 to 3 in. (2.5 to 7.6 cm) long, and divided into 8 to 18 oblong leaflets. Flowering occurs from midsummer to frost, when flowers that are five-petaled, yellow, and 0.5 in. (1.27 cm) wide develop singly in the axils of the leaves. Fruit are circular, spiny burs that split into five sections. Burs can cause injury to bicycle tires, bare feet, and even small truck tires. Plants invade roadsides, pastures, fields, and other disturbed areas. Plants are toxic to sheep and other grazers.
Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species
Sapindales > Zygophyllaceae > Tribulus terrestris L.
Synonym(s): bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur
Tribulus terrestris - USDA PLANTS Profile
puncturevine - The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States)
Reporting This Invasive Species
How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS - Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System
EDDMapS - Report an invasive species to EDDMapS.
County Extension Offices - Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA.
How to Identify
This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow.
Puncturevine is an annual low-spreading forb.
|USDA Agricultural Research Service Archive, USDA Agricultural Research Service, bugwood.org||Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, bugwood.org|
Leaves are opposite, hairy, 1 to 3 in. (2.5 to 7.6 cm) long, and divided into 8 to 18 oblong leaflets.
|Steve Dewey, Utah State University, bugwood.org||Steve Dewey, Utah State University, bugwood.org|
Flowering occurs from midsummer to frost, when flowers that are five-petaled, yellow, and 0.5 in. (1.27 cm) wide develop singly in the axils of the leaves.
|Steve Dewey, Utah State University, bugwood.org||Eric Coombs, Oregon Department of Agriculture, bugwood.org|
Fruit are circular, spiny burs that split into five sections. Burs can cause injury to bicycle tires, bare feet, and even small truck tires.
|Steve Dewey, Utah State University, bugwood.org||Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org|
Native Species That Resemble Puncturevine
- Images at invasive.org
- Images at invasive.org
Additional Images for Puncturevine
puncturevine - Images at invasive.org
Learning Resources for Puncturevine
Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources
Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state's land-grant institution. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label .
United States Land Grant University System - Find your Land Grant University's College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA.
Invasives Database - TexasInvasives.org
Noxious Weeds - Utah-Idaho Cooperative Weed Management Area (CWMA)
Idaho's Noxious Weeds - Idaho Association of Soil Conservation Districts
Invasive Species Compendium (Beta) - cabi.org
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - USDA Forest Service
Invasive Plants - Victoria Resources Online