Plants for Water-Wise Pollinator Gardens: Parsley (Petroselinium species)

Water Conservation for Lawn and Landscape February 11, 2014|Print

Plant Family

         

 

Black swallowtail butterfly larvae feeding on curly leaf parsley
Photo credit: Marc Dufour Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0

 

 

Second year parsley plant flowers.
Photo source: A Round Rock Garden

Carrot or Parsley Family (Apiaceae / Umbelliferae)

 

Common Names

Parsley
 

Description

  • Biennial herb native to the Mediterranean region of Europe
  • First year plants are leafy and grow to about 1 to 2 feet tall
  • Second year flower stalk can reach 3 feet in height
  • Umbel type greenish white flowers bloom in early summer
  • The two most popular types of parsley are flat leaf or Italian parsley (Petroselinium neapolitanum) and curly leaf parsley (Petroselinium crispum).  
  • Plant in full sun in well drained soils
  • Parsley can be grown in USDA Zones 4 to 9 and is often planted as an annual in colder regions
  • Both leaves and seed are edible
  • Leave some plants to flower the second year and watch for pollinators
  • If desired, cut off flower heads or remove the entire plant to avoid reseeding in the garden
     

Attracts

Bees
Black swallowtail butterfly larvae
Parsley also attracts beneficial predatory wasps and flies that feed on insect pests.
 


Additional Resources:

Northeast
Pennsylvania - Parsley

Midwest
Minnesota  - Parsley
Nebraska- Growing Parsley              

Southeast
Florida - Parsley - More than a Decorative Green Leaf