When talking about air quality around animal feeding operations, most people immediately think of odors. Owners and managers of animal feeding operations need information to find practices that help them manage odors from their operations. These videos identify some of the issues and tools available to help owners and managers manage odors.
Neighbor Relations and Odor Management
Watch this video to learn about issues of odor management and options available for managing odors. (9 minutes)
Odor is a surprisingly complex issue and can impact neighbors and others. The goal is to keep odors at non-detectable or non-offensive levels as much as possible. One acronym that describes this goal is FIDO or frequency-intensity-duration-offensiveness. Farmers do care about their impact on neighbors and often look for effective technologies or management practices to reduce one or more aspects of FIDO. The costs vary and should be carefully considered to determine if they are a good fit for them or their operation.
Visit the Feedlot Air Emissions Treatment Cost Calculator to download a spreadsheet to help calculate costs and benefits of installing technologies to treat odors and gas emissions from animal feeding operations. A good tool to assess current management practices and their impact on air emissions, including odor, is to use the National Air Quality Site Assessment Tool (NAQSAT).
Some of the ways farmers can manage odors include:
Also see the excellent video on "Odors on Livestock Farms: A Case Study From Nebraska" and visit the Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Center air quality page for more resources on managing air emissions.
This 8 minute video describes three setback estimation tools developed and used in Minnesota, Nebraska and Iowa as the result of extensive research. These tools determine appropriate setback distances to manage odors when building new or expanding existing livestock or poultry facilities.
Siting a livestock or poultry production facility should consider ways to minimize odors impacting nearby neighbors and public areas. A great deal of research has gone into determining setback distances, and there is no once-size-fits-all recommendation. Topograpy, local weather, presence of other odor sources in the area, sensitivity of the neighbors, and characteristics of the animal facility all play a role in determining setbacks. Fortunately there are tools available to assist producers, concerned citizens, and policy makers in making sound, science-based decisions.
- Archived webinar on siting animal facilities (discusses OFFSET and the Odor Footprint Tool (OFT)
- Community Assessment Model (CAM) research summary.
- OFFSET (University of Minnesota)
- Nebraska Odor Footprint Tool (OFT)
More Videos in This Series
- Air Quality Resources for Policy Makers
- Health Impacts of Air Emissions from Animal Feeding Operations
- Manure Covers and Biofilters for Managing Odors and Air Emissions
Additional educational materials are available at Air Quality in Animal Agriculture
For more information about this video or these resources, contact Dr. Kevin Janni, University of Minnesota email@example.com
These materials were based upon work supported by the by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture under Agreement No. 2010-85112-20520.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.